MEMORABLE and Endearing
Pendaries Village was carved out of the 5,000-acre Pendaries Ranch established by Jean Pendaries established in the 1800s. There he built a saw mill, grist mill and homestead. The 5,000 acre ranch. Descendants of the ranch founder continued to operate the ranch into the twentieth century.
Pendaries in the 21st century
Pendaries is owned and managed by the Pendaries Village Community Association (PVCA). The members of the PVCA include all property owners within Pendaries Village. The PVCA Board of Directors consists of members elected by the members.
PVCA is dedicated to preserving the character of Pendaries, protect property values and meet the established expectations of property owners and homeowners. PVCA is dedicated to cultivating a true sense of community, promoting active homeowner involvement and creating a culture of informed consensus.
For more information, please call 505.425.3562 or email email@example.com.
PVCA Board of Directors
THE BEST KEPT SECRET IN NORTHERN NEW MEXICO
Before Pendaries evolved into a community association, C.D. (Toad) Leon purchased the ranch in the 1950s and began breeding Appaloosa horses. He was later being credited with reviving the breed’s popularity. His energy and conviviality, along with his legendary horse auctions, attracted many visitors to the area. His passion for golf inspired him to design and build a private 12-hole golf course. After his friends began coming out to play golf with him, he platted the subdivision so that they could build vacation homes. From that beginning, the present community of nearly 300 homes, many with year-round residents, has evolved. Today, the community-owned resort facilities offer outstanding value to property owners. Homes and home sites are available, many with spectacular mountain views and secluded woodland settings.
The Early Years
Jean Pendaries was born in 1825 in Villebrumier, France in the district of Gascony. In 1847 he married Baroness Mathilde Margurite Galliagae who was born in 1833 in the small village of La Belle France. Two children were born to them in Villebrumier. Emile was born in 1848 and Marie Anna in 1852. As we shall see, a third daughter was born to them in Rociada, New Mexico in 1876. As this story develops, it will be the two younger daughters whose families have current descendants living in northern New Mexico. They each married men who had a major impact on the Rociada Valley.
In 1856, Jean and Mathilde Margurite left Villebrumier and immigrated to the United States, arriving in New York after a long sea voyage. They left New York in 1857 to go to Baltimore where they stayed until 1860 when they journeyed west to the present state of Kansas. Here he entered the hotel business (or bought a farm by some accounts), but a disastrous fire destroyed nearly everything he owed and he decided to move further west. He arrived in the small village of Taos, NM where he remained for four years in the hotel business. IN 1864 he moved to Las Vegas, NM where he again purchased a hotel: It was a two-story structure which was built where the historic Plaza Hotel stands today and is still in operation.
In 1870, he leased the hotel to a friend and re-located in a beautiful mountain valley northwest of Las Vegas where he acquired and operated a very large ranch which covered most of what is now known as the Rociada and Gascon valleys. Around this time, Jean’s daughter, Marie Anna, had met a young man in Las Vegas, Richard Dunn. They were married in 1872 and lived at the Plaza Hotel for a time. But more about Marie Anna and Richard later.
Jean and Mathilde Margurite’s youngest daughter, Margurite, later met and married Jose Albino Baca. They settled in the valley and later inherited most of the original Pendaries ranch. Also, more about them later.
Jean Pendaries owned many cows, horses and thousands of sheep. In 1876 he built a huge grist mill near his house in the valley, it is said that he imported the large millstones from France. The machinery was shipped in by wagon from Kansas City. The mill still stands and has been restored. The original millstones are still in place, as are the huge wheels and gears that look as though they need only a stream of water in the millrace to begin turning out meal and flour again. It is reported that the last grinding took place in 1930. The mill and the land on which is was built, along with a large parcel of the Rociada valley, is now owned by Dallas businessman. He is active in ranching and carefully maintains the mill to keep it from falling into ruin. He graciously provided me access to the interior of the mill so that I could take pictures.
Perhaps now is the time to explore the importance of Marie Anna and Margurite Pendaries in this narrative and why I, John Davis, am involved in a small way with Jean Pendaries and his family.
This involvement comes through Marie Anna and her husband, Richard Dunn. Richard and Jean were in the lumber business together and also had a sawmill on the ranch. It was not long, however, until Richard and Marie Anna, who eventually had nine children, wanted a place of his own. They chose a sizable property a short distance north of Upper Rociada and built a house in 1880. Jean, exercising his fatherly rights promptly named the ranch Gascon, in honor of his native Gascony.
Gascon was the headquarters of the ranch but eventually became a small village with a store and post office that served the valley. Richard built another sawmill here and began to cut timber from the vast holdings. One of their nine children was a daughter, Emma Adele Dunn, born in 1876. In the ensuing years she married a man named Albert Adams. Their daughter, Kathryn Adams, married a man named Boyes. A daughter from this marriage, Marian Louise Boyes, married Phil Lanahan and they had a daughter named Tamera. The coincidence of this lineage will soon become apparent.
Another of Richard and Marie Anna’s children, Carlos Pendaries Dunn, born in 1889 took over the ranch when Richard died suddenly in 1916. Carlos ran the ranch for four years and then sold it and moved to Santa Fe in 1920. Dr. William Brown from Chicago bought the ranch and ownership passed from the Pendaries family. Dr. Brown gave a 40-acre parcel to his daughter, but otherwise kept the ranch intact. In the meantime, a young doctor named Carl Gellenthein came to work for Dr. Brown and in 1928 married Dr. Brown’s daughter, Alice. The ranch passed from Dr. Brown to Alice in 1935. Dr. Gellenthein and Alice had a daughter, Editha, who married Jim Bartley. Editha and Jim ran the ranch along with the help of their son John until Jim died in 1995.
In 1983, Gascon Ranch and the Bartleys had visitor from Washington state. Boyes Lanahan and her husband Phil brought Marian’s mother, Kathryn Adams Boyes, to visit her childhood home, Gascon Ranch. John Bartley heard much about the Lanahan’s daughter who remained behind in Washington. John invited Tamera to come to Gascon Ranch and visit the home of her ancestors. The visit was obviously a success, for in 1984 John and Tamera were married and set up housekeeping in the old two-room store and post office. After sixty-four years, the great -great -great granddaughter of Jean Pendaries had returned the family lineage to Gascon Ranch.
This brings us back now to Margurite, the youngest daughtcer of Jean and Mathilde Margurite Pendaries. About the time the mill was built during the prosperous years for the Pendaries ranch, Margurite met and married Jose Albino Baca. They built their large hacienda north of the Pendaries home and had six children. The Pendaries Ranch eventually passed to Margurite and Jose and they increased the livestock herds and were very successful. The Bacas became the patrons of the entire area and all the settlers in the valley looked to them for all needs they couldn’t provide for themselves. They had five daughters and one son, and the hacienda was not only the work headquarters, but became the social center for the surrounding area.
Jose died unexpectedly in 1924 and their son, Pino, returned home from college to help his mother Marguerite run the ranch. However, they ran into financial difficulties through no fault of their own and the family moved to Santa Fe in 1930. She became active in politics and was elected Secretary of State for New Mexico. The ranch continued to reduce its livestock herds and was finally sold in 1935.
In 1939, one of the Baca daughters, Consuela, met and married the very successful and talented writer, Oliver Lafarge. He has chronicled the life the Bacas led as the children grew up in the Rociada Valley in a book “Behind the Mountains”. Lafarge drew on stories and recollections from all the family members to compile the book.
There are many references to Jean and Mathilde Pendaries and the Pendaries and Gascon ranches.
Consuelo and Oliver had one son, John Pendaries Lafarge, who currently lives in Santa Fe. So it is that two direct descendants live in Northern New Mexico. And so it is, in a small way, that my family is involved with a small village halfway around the world, Villebrumier, Franc and with the heritage of Jean Pendaries!
I wish to thank the people who helped me with this research: Alma Gregory who lives almost within sight of the Pendaries mill, Bill Hutchison who provided access to the mill, and Tamera Bartley, whose family records were invaluable. And finally to my friend, Christian Camphin of Angouleme, France. Without his encouragement, gentle prodding and his time and efforts to visit and get to know the people of Villebrumier, this narrative would never have been written. I hope that I may one day follow his footsteps in Villebrumier.
Source: Early years information is from a paper found in the Pendaries archives written by John David Davis ~ April of 1998.